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募集!! 減緩「漁港海漂垃圾」與「海底覆網」衝擊的創新好點子 2019全球仿生設計競賽台灣海選徵件中

19 一月 , 2019,
Biomimicrytaiwan
7 comments

台灣四面環海,海洋暖化與廢棄物問題無法置身事外。知名科學期刊Science上周發表了一份研究報告指出,目前海洋正以聯合國五年前所預測速度的4倍加速暖化中,報告也統計海洋吸收了93%地球排不掉的熱,這些因為人類活動製造的溫室氣體而來的熱能,若不是海洋吸收,陸地的溫度會更高。這也讓海洋熱含量(OHC)大大增加,暖海水愈深厚,越有利颱風的增強,難怪科學家的研究常警告海洋暖化讓全球面臨極端氣候,包含颱風颶風越來越強!

此外,暖化也影響海中的食物鏈,例如鮪魚賴以維生的墨魚減少,加上過度捕撈,黑鮪魚產量減少,各國因應設定捕撈限額。前陣子日本新春黑鮪魚競標,得標者以史上最高價超過台幣9千萬的價格標得黑鮪,不過日本漁夫也擔心環境再這樣惡化下去都快捕不到魚了。看來海洋暖化不僅是環保問題、也是經濟問題、民生社會問題!

2018年底環保署統計一年半來,全台海岸清理出的垃圾量高達近7,500公噸,這僅是海岸沙灘的垃圾量。而漁港內的海漂垃圾、或沿岸海底的廢棄物與廢棄漁具也是近年來縣市政府的清除重點,諸如新北市漁業處於2016年即成立「海洋防衛隊」,目前已有超過百位志工參與,清除超過10噸的海洋垃圾;新竹縣也成立「海底撈巡守隊」、高雄市政府則透過獎勵廢棄漁網回收制度、澎湖縣與學界合作打撈等等作為皆能看出努力。從源頭減量相當重要,同時回收既有的廢棄物、進一步循環利用也是全球趨勢。今年一月份,近30家國際企業,包含寶僑公司、巴斯夫、台塑集團(美國)等從上游供應到消費端的大廠共同成立全球聯盟「終結塑膠垃圾聯盟」(The Alliance to End Plastic Waste, AEPW),希望透過共同推動相關解決方案,減少和消除塑膠垃圾對環境、尤其是對海洋所產生的影響。

你有減緩「漁港海漂垃圾」與「海底覆網」衝擊的創新好點子嗎? 由台灣仿生科技發展協會主辦,台灣經濟研究院生物科技產業研究中心、新北市政府漁業及漁港事業管理處共同協辦,2019 全球仿生設計競賽「氣候變遷:適應、減緩與翻轉之方」~ 台灣海選已經啟動。本年度重量特選子題: 新北市漁業創新奬〜減緩漁港與鄰近水域的海洋廢棄物。面對這些難題,我們募集大專以上學生、社會新創或有志之士與我們一起想辦法!台灣海選預計於2019年3月29日(五)截止收件。競賽辦法詳見: www.biomimicrytaiwan.org

參考資料來源:

  1. The New York Times https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/10/climate/ocean-warming-climate-change.html?fbclid=IwAR2-CUF1q5ciMEbzkna2oBV0GaUrazIIPCR8rKOUkOQe-l5IEHgSJ2TApRQ2.
  2. 財團法人氣象應用推廣基金會http://www.metapp.org.tw/index.php/bossweathernews/393-2016-08-02-08-25-31
  3. 環保署 https://www.epa.gov.tw/
  4. The Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/jan/16/industry-alliance-sets-out-1bn-to-tackle-oceans-plastic-waste

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